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AISC Design Guide 9 pdf free download

AISC Design Guide 9 pdf free download.Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members.
The commonly used structural shapes offer relatively poor resistance to torsion. Hence, it is best to avoid torsion by detailing the loads and reactions to act through the shear center of the member. However, in some instances, this may not always be possible. AISC (1994) offers several sugges- tions for eliminating torsion; see pages 2-40 through 2-42. For example, rigid facade elements spanning between floors (the weight of which would otherwise induce torsional loading of the spandrel girder) may be designed to transfer lateral forces into the floor diaphragms and resist the eccentric effect as illustrated in Figure 2.3. Note that many systems may be too flexible for this assumption. Partial facade panels that do not extend from floor diaphragm to floor diaphragm may be designed with diagonal steel “kickers,” as shown in Figure 2.4, to provide the lateral forces. In either case, this eliminates torsional loading of the spandrel beam or girder. Also, tor- sional bracing may be provided at eccentric load points to reduce or eliminate the torsional effect; refer to Salmon and Johnson (1990).When torsion must be resisted by the member directly, its effect may be reduced through consideration of intermediate torsional support provided by secondary framing. For exam- ple, the rotation of the spandrel girder cannot exceed the total end rotation of the beam and connection being supported. Therefore, a reduced torque may be calculated by evaluating the torsional stiffness of the member subjected to torsion relative to the rotational stiffness of the loading system. The bending stiffness of the restraining member depends upon its end conditions; the torsional stiffness k of the member under consideration (illustrated in Figure 2.5) is:A fully restrained (FR) moment connection between the framing beam and spandrel girder maximizes the torsional restraint. Alternatively, additional intermediate torsional sup- ports may be provided to reduce the span over which the torsion acts and thereby reduce the torsional effect. As another example, consider the beam supporting a wall and slab illustrated in Figure 2.6; calculations for a similar case may be found in Johnston (1982). Assume that the beam. AISC Design Guide 9 pdf download.

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